Vaginal Infection

Sexually Transmitted Infections(STI/STD): Cure | Types Symptoms

Vaginal Infection

The Private Part And Its Hygiene Discussed

The popular saying about cleanliness being next to godliness is not to be underestimated as it applies to every aspect of life, including the care of the private part. The private part, the vagina, anus, and the penis are vital parts of the human body system. It is used in passing out body waste products in urine and faeces and is also used in reproduction and pleasure. Care products can be gotten on 8mg Health.

Signs Of std In Female (STI)

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Signs of STI in Female

Signs of STI in females: Contrary to the usual presumption by people, vagina infections in women are not only caused by penetration or sexual intercourse. Instead, a variety of circumstances can serve as a cause for infections and can occur at different phases of life.

Often, vagina infections do not show symptoms as the vagina can cleanse itself of them. However, in case of more serious conditions that the vagina cannot take care of, symptoms that manifest include:

  • one of std symptoms is female discharge
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Pain during penetration in vaginal sex
  • A fishy-smelling odour from the vagina
  • Vaginal itching and burning
  • Vaginal soreness and discomfort
  • Swollen skin around the vagina and vulva
  • A change in the colour of vaginal discharge such as cream, brown or discharge with patches of blood
  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • Irritation, itching, and burning in and around the vagina
  • Swelling and flushing around the vulva and vagina        

Major Causes Of STD In Women

Tight-fitting or synthetic clothing: Wearing tight-fitting panties and undergarments, in general, prevents airflow and traps moisture, thereby causing vaginal irritation. Natural fibres such as cotton panties are best as they are breathable and gentle against the skin.

  • Long term use of underwear: The use of underwear for an extended period reduces their quality, absorbs more vaginal discharge that does not come off easily, and the accumulation of this may cause vagina irritation.
  • Unprotected sex (Signs of std in female)Unprotected sex with a partner, especially with multiple partners, is a high-risk factor that puts a lady at a higher risk of getting infected. Signs of STI (sexually transmitted infections) are numerous and it is recommended you see a doctor immediately.
  • Use of soaps, perfumes, and body wash: The vagina has a pH that it maintains. The use of body wash, perfumes and body wash to make it neater or smell nice would disrupt the pH and render the vagina vulnerable to infections or even cause irritation and infection to the vagina. Rinsing the vagina with ordinary water is what is medically and generally advised. Any other substance asides from water should not be used to rinse the vagina except medically advised.

Consultation about products can be done on 8mg Health.

  • Bacterial infections- Bacterial vaginosis, is a vagina infection that can be caused by an overgrowth of the microorganism Gardnerella vaginalis in the vagina. Although the microorganism is naturally present in the vagina, the overgrowth becomes harmful and its overgrowth is often triggered by sexual contact such as oral, vaginal, hand-genital and penis penetration.
  • Unhygienic toilet sharing- Often, we share the restroom with different people because of location or space. A lot of people with different infections tend to release the organisms responsible for the infection in the toilet sink and when not properly cleaned up, leaves the next person to use the toilet at risk of contracting the infection.
  • Douching/ saturating / flushing: The vagina keeps itself clean through the healthy bacteria present in it. Washing the vagina with different antiseptic products/ingredients such as iodine, baking soda, vinegar and so on may seem like a good way to keep it clean. However, using these products reduces the quantity and quality of healthy bacteria keeping the vagina healthy, thereby making the vagina prone to infections.
  • Spermicidal contraceptives: This method of birth control might come in gel, film, or suppository form, which is inserted directly into the vagina to kill sperm and prevent unwanted pregnancy. Although it is effective, use can lead to vaginal irritation and inflammation, leaving the vagina prone to infection.
  • Use of detergent: Laundry detergents can affect vagina pH so it is highly advised that undergarments should be adequately rinsed after washing to remove every residue of detergent.
  • Yeast infections: Use of antibiotics, hormonal changes, stress and a compromised immune system can reduce the number of antifungal bacteria in the vagina, leading to an overgrowth of yeast, thereby leading to yeast infection. Yeast infections are usually caused by a fungus called Candida albicans.

Vaginal atrophy: This condition generally develops after menopause but can also happen while breastfeeding or when there is a drop in estrogen levels. Reduced hormone levels can cause vaginal thinning and dryness, leading to vaginal inflammation.

Symptoms Of Std in Male

A larger percentage of infections in men’s private parts are sexually transmitted. Although some do not exhibit symptoms at the initial stage, they show symptoms overtime and some include:

  • A need to urinate frequently
  • Pain during ejaculation
  • Abnormal discharge from the penis
  • Bumps, blisters or sores on the penis or genitals
  • Pain and burning during urination
  • Pain around the pelvis        
  • Pain around the lower abdominal region

Major Causes Of STD In Men

Sexually transmitted infection can be caused by:

  • Bacteria- The most prevalent and widely known infection names Gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria named Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Syphilis is caused by  Treponema pallidum
  • Viruses – Sexually transmitted infections caused by viruses include Hepatitis B, genital herpes, HIV, etc.
  • Parasites- Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite.

What are The Top 10 Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

The top 10 sexually transmitted diseases that affect the genitals of both men and women include Vaginitis, Trichomoniasis, yeast infections, Chlamydia and STIs. Examples of sexually transmitted infections are; Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, genital herpes, HIV/AIDS, Human Papillomavirus, and so on.

How To Prevent Getting Infected

 Not all vagina infections can be prevented. However, here are a few ways of reducing the chances of getting infected both in men and women

  • Wear cotton underwear or underwear with a cotton crotch to help improve airflow and prevent vaginal irritation and inflammation.
  • Change your underwear periodically. If possible, at 3-month intervals but a stretch of, 6months.
  • Wash sex toys after each use, according to their care instructions
  •  Avoid using scented period products, including tampons, pads, and liners.
  • Avoid douching, vaginal deodorants, and scented sprays or perfumes on or in your vagina.
  • Change out of swimsuits and damp workout gear as soon as possible to help prevent excess moisture.
  • Switch to an unscented detergent designed for sensitive skin, and skip the perfumed fabric softener.
  • Use condoms during sex; most especially for people with multiple partners.
  • Ensure to have a proper clean-up with water after urination.

What To Do If Infected

When symptoms of infection are noticed, consult the doctor for consultation, diagnosis and treatment. Doctors/ Consultants can be contacted on 8mg Health.

How to Cure STD Without Going to the Doctor

It is recommended you go to a doctor for quick and fast relief/cure from STI but if due to certain circumstances you can’t, there are drugs and medication you can use to cure this.

Antibiotics & Antiviral Medication can be used in treating STIs – Get these medicines online. also, note that it is important for you to stay away from sex for 7 days and inform your partner so get tested as well.

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