Tuberculosis and Asthma |Similarities |Differences

Note: Bronchitis is almost synonymous with tuberculosis and could almost be used interchangeably

Although the symptoms of asthma and bronchitis are identical, the causes are not. The airways become irritated in both asthma and bronchitis. As a result, they puff up and make it difficult for air to enter the lungs. The organs and tissues receive less oxygen as a result. Shortness of breath, coughing, and chest constriction indicate a lack of oxygen.

Bronchitis is caused by viruses or elements in the environment, such as cigarette smoke and pollution. Asthma is caused by genetic alterations and environmental stimuli such as pollen and dust.

Here are a few more differences between asthma and bronchitis to consider.

Symptoms

Symptoms of asthma and bronchitis include wheezing or a whistling sound when you breathe, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness.

When you cough with bronchitis, you’ll generate mucus, a thick, goopy substance. Mucus can be transparent, yellow, or green.

Acute bronchitis can also induce the following signs and symptoms: A temperature of 100°F ( indicates a mild fever, bodily pains, and chills.

Coughing, chest tightness, and wheezing are common symptoms of acute bronchitis and can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks until the infection clears up. However, symptoms of chronic bronchitis last for a long time.

Asthma symptoms appear and disappear. However, some people have asthma provoked by certain situations, such as exercise, allergies, or even the environment where they work.

Causes

The specific aetiology of asthma is unknown to doctors. It could be a result of a mix of genetic and environmental factors. For example, your airways may be more sensitive to allergic triggers like smoke, pollen, and pet dander due to genes you acquire from your parents.

If your parents have asthma or allergies, you had a lot of respiratory illnesses as a child; you have allergies or the skin ailment eczema *you deal with chemicals or dust regularly *you smoke or are frequently around someone who smokes, you’re more likely to get asthma.

Asthma symptoms are usually triggered by something in the environment. Dust, mould, pet dander, pollen, and pollution are all asthma triggers. For example, if you smoke cigarettes or are exposed to tobacco smoke, you’re more likely to have bronchitis. You’ll also have a compromised immune system, making you more susceptible to infections.

are over 45 and work in an industry that exposes you to dust and chemical fumes, such as coal mining, textiles, or farming.

Diagnosis

See your primary care doctor if you’re coughing or wheezing and your symptoms don’t go away. You can also see a pulmonologist. A pulmonologist is a doctor who treats asthma and other diseases of the lungs. Your doctor will get clues from your symptoms about which condition you have.

Your doctor will inquire about allergies and asthma in your family.

Spirometry is a test that involves blowing into a gadget that measures how well your lungs are operating.

Chest x-ray: This scan creates a picture of your lungs using modest amounts of radiation. An x-ray of your chest can examine for growths in your lungs that could be the source of your symptoms.

Sputum tests: The doctor will take a sample of the mucus you cough up from your lungs. Your sputum is examined for bacteria to determine if you have an infection.

A methacholine challenge or bronchoprovocation test may be performed if your doctor suspects you have asthma.

If you have asthma, you will inhale a substance that causes your airways to constrict. After that, you’ll have to take a spirometry test.

Allergies are often the cause of asthma. Therefore, you may need to see an allergist for blood and skin tests. These tests can help you learn which substances trigger your asthma, such as dust, mould, or pet dander.

Treatment

Acute bronchitis usually isn’t treated with antibiotics because a virus often causes it. Antibiotics only kill bacteria. Your doctor will recommend that you rest, drink lots of fluids, and take pain relievers to ease your symptoms.

Chronic bronchitis and asthma have similar treatments. The goal with both conditions is to open up your airways and help you breathe easier.

The same medicines may be used to treat both asthma and bronchitis.

Bronchodilators are medication that relaxes the muscles around the airways to open them up and ease your breathing. They can also reduce the amount of mucus your lungs produce. You breathe these medicines into your lungs through a device called an inhaler.

What’s the difference between bronchitis and asthma?

Bronchitis is a type of obstructive pulmonary disease that resembles a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Although bronchitis and asthma are both lung illnesses with similar symptoms, their origins are distinct.

Bronchitis is caused by a respiratory infection or an underlying medical disease like cystic fibrosis or an autoimmune problem. On a molecular level, asthma and bronchitis are also distinct. Asthma is associated with inflammation-related cells, whereas bronchitis is related to infection-fighting cells.

Asthmatic bronchitis symptoms

Asthma, bronchitis, and asthmatic bronchitis all have very similar symptoms. As a result, distinguishing the conditions without an official diagnosis can be challenging.

Chest tightness, wheezing, difficulty breathing, and low-grade fever are all possible symptoms.

Without specialized lung function testing from your doctor, you may not be able to know if you have bronchitis or an asthma flare-up.

When should you seek immediate medical attention?

You acquire a temperature of around 102°F or higher if your condition does not improve with the usage of your asthma inhaler.

If your symptoms are caused by asthma or bronchitis, your doctor will conduct further detailed tests. For example, you may have bronchitis if you cough up any sputum.

A variety of factors cause asthmatic bronchitis. Asthmatic bronchitis has an unknown aetiology. A virus or infection can cause bronchitis in the breathing tubes, or certain lifestyle choices might cause it. If you smoke and have asthma, you’re at a higher risk of developing the disease. Secondhand smoke can potentially cause damage to your lungs. Bronchitis is more likely a result of this.

Bronchitis can be exacerbated by breathing filthy air, which can occur while doing woodwork or dealing with hazardous chemicals. Those causes are even more likely to cause bronchitis in asthmatics.

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